CBT is a type of therapy that focuses on the way we think (“cognitive”) and act (“behavioural”). The concept behind CBT is that our thoughts about a situation affect how we feel (emotionally and physically) and how we behave in that situation. CBT is an evidence-based psychological treatment proven to be effective through rigorous scientific research.
As human beings, we give meaning to events that are happening around us. It is the meanings we assign to a situation that affect how we feel and act, not the situation itself. These interpretations are not always accurate, realistic, or helpful. Unhelpful thoughts lead to unpleasant emotions and unhelpful behaviours (e.g., avoidance) that reinforce our negative thoughts and can maintain the problem. This can create a vicious cycle. We all have negative thoughts every now and then, but if we continually attach negative meanings to events, then we are likely to experience problems with anxiety and/or depression.
CBT helps you to:
- Understand your thought patterns and the meaning you make from these patterns
- Recognize how your behaviour affects your thoughts and feelings
- Work towards achievable goals